PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome ) is a health problem that can affect women’s menstrual cycle, fertility, hormones, insulin production, heart, blood vessels and appearance. Women with PCOS have these characteristics
- high levels of male hormones also called androgens
- irregular or no menstrual cycle
may or may not have small cysts in their ovaries. Cysts are fluid-filled sacs
How Many women have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS)?
An estimated five to 10 per cent of women of childbearing age have PCOS.
What causes Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?
Poor diet with a lack of good carbs, protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals with an inactive lifestyle ? many women with PCOS have a weight problems, because of insulin hormone disturbance, insulin is a hormone that regulates the change of sugar, starches and other food into energy for the body’s use or for storage.
Since some women with PCOS make too much insulin, it’s possible that the ovaries react by making too many male hormones, called androgens . this can lead to acne, excessive hair growth on the face, weight gain and ovulation problems.
In women with PCOS, the ovary doesn’t make all of the hormones it needs for any of the eggs to fully mature . They may start to grow and accumulate fluid, but no one egg becomes large enough, instead, some may remain as cysts. since no egg matures or is released, ovulation does not occur and the hormone progesterone is not made. without progesterone, a women’s menstrual cycle is irregular or absent. Also, the cysts produce male hormones, which continue to prevent ovulation.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
- infrequent menstrual period or no period, and irregular bleeding.
- Infertility or inability to get pregnant because of no ovulation.
- Increased growth of hair on face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs, or toes.
- Acne, oily skin, or dandruff.
- Pelvic pain
- Weight gain, usually extra weight around the waist
- Type 2 diabetes.
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Male -pattern baldness or thinning of hair
- Patches of thickened and dark brown or black skin on the neck, arms, breast or on thighs.
- Sleep apnea.
How to treat PCOS?
Women can prevent or treat PCOS through a healthy lifestyle.
a balanced diet and physical activity help maintain a healthy weight
which helps the body lower glucose levels and use insulin more efficiently.
It will help to regularise the period, and balance hormones. sometimes
medicine is required with a balanced diet and physical activity.